Liberando esporas de vida










    Nombre cientifico: Ganoderma applanatum
    nombre comun: Hongo del artista 




    Este hongo es muy comun en los bosques templados, 
    algunos especimenes pueden vivir hasta 50 anos 
    tal vez mas.
    Es llamado asi porque se puede usar como soporte para dibujar su parte inferior, rascando sobre sus poros que quedan luego obscuros.
    Estudios en los anos 1990 han demostrado actividad del Ganoderma applanatum en contra de diferentes bacterias como el Staphylococcus aureus.
    Sus componentes anti-microbiales fueron descubiertos hace solo 10 anos, pero su uso como te amargo medicinal tiene probablamente mas de 10,000 anos de existencia en las culturas humanas.



    Valores Medicinales:
     
    -Activa el sistema inmunologico
    -Anti microbial
    -Antibiotico
    -Anti inflamatorio
    -Inhibe el crecimiento de tumores
    -Anti parasitos intestinales




    Componentes activos conocidos:
     
    - Beta glucanos, hetero beta glucanos
    - Acidos ganodericos_triterpenes
    - triterpenoides lanostanicos
    - Antibioticos.
     


    Algunos estudios sobre el Ganoderma applanatum:


    Selection of fungi for accelerated decay in stumps of Eucalyptus spp.

    Andrade FA, Calonego FW, Severo ET, Furtado EL.

    Bioresour Technol. 2012 Apr;110:456-61. Epub 2012 Jan 26.

    PMID:
     
    22336745
     
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
    2.

    Cloning of novel cellulases from cellulolytic fungi: heterologous expression of a family 5 glycoside hydrolase from Trametes versicolor in Pichia pastoris.

    Salinas A, Vega M, Lienqueo ME, Garcia A, Carmona R, Salazar O.

    Enzyme Microb Technol. 2011 Dec 10;49(6-7):485-91. Epub 2011 Oct 25.

    PMID:
     
    22142722
     
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
    3.

    No evidence for a Ganoderma spore dispersal mutualism in an obligate spore-feeding beetle Zearagytodes maculifer.

    Kadowaki K, Leschen RA, Beggs JR.

    Fungal Biol. 2011 Aug;115(8):768-74. Epub 2011 Jun 16.

    PMID:
     
    21802057
     
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
    4.

    Ganodermycin, a novel inhibitor of CXCL10 expression from Ganoderma applanatum.

    Jung M, Liermann JC, Opatz T, Erkel G.

    J Antibiot (Tokyo). 2011 Oct;64(10):683-686. doi: 10.1038/ja.2011.64. Epub 2011 Jul 27.

    PMID:
     
    21792205
     
    [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
    5.

    Ganoderma applanatum terpenes protect mouse liver against benzo(α)pyren-induced oxidative stress and inflammation.

    Ma JQ, Liu CM, Qin ZH, Jiang JH, Sun YZ.

    Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. 2011 May;31(3):460-8. Epub 2011 Feb 26.

    PMID:
     
    21787717
     
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
    6.

    Polyoxygenated ergostane-type sterols from the liquid culture of Ganoderma applanatum.

    Lee SY, Kim JS, Lee S, Kang SS.

    Nat Prod Res. 2011 Aug;25(14):1304-11. Epub 2011 Jun 24.

    PMID:
     
    21678159
     
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
    7.

    Skin test reactivity of allergic subjects to basidiomycetes' crude extracts in a tropical environment.

    Rivera-Mariani FE, Nazario-Jiménez S, López-Malpica F, Bolaños-Rosero B.

    Med Mycol. 2011 Nov;49(8):887-91. Epub 2011 Apr 21.

    PMID:
     
    21506892
     
    [PubMed - in process]
    8.

    Cellular and molecular mechanisms of the Ganoderma applanatum extracts induces apoptosis on SGC-7901 gastric cancer cells.

    Ma J, Liu C, Chen Y, Jiang J, Qin Z.

    Cell Biochem Funct. 2011 Apr;29(3):175-82. doi: 10.1002/cbf.1735. Epub 2011 Feb 24.

    PMID:
     
    21465494
     
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
    9.

    Medicinal uses of mushrooms in Nigeria: towards full and sustainable exploitation.

    Oyetayo OV.

    Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2011;8(3):267-74. Epub 2011 Apr 2.

    PMID:
     
    22468005
     
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] 
    Free PMC Article
    10.

    Sensitive and selective liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for the determination of five ganoderic acids in Ganoderma lucidum and its related species.

    Liu Y, Liu Y, Qiu F, Di X.

    J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2011 Mar 25;54(4):717-21. Epub 2010 Nov 12.

    PMID:
     
    21130592
     
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
    11.

    Medicinal and edible lignicolous fungi as natural sources of antioxidative and antibacterial agents.

    Karaman M, Jovin E, Malbasa R, Matavuly M, Popović M.

    Phytother Res. 2010 Oct;24(10):1473-81.

    PMID:
     
    20878697
     
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
    12.

    New fungal biomasses for cyanide biodegradation.

    Ozel YK, Gedikli S, Aytar P, Unal A, Yamaç M, Cabuk A, Kolankaya N.

    J Biosci Bioeng. 2010 Oct;110(4):431-5. Epub 2010 May 23.

    PMID:
     
    20547364
     
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
    13.

    Differences in defensive volatiles of the forked fungus beetle, Bolitotherus cornutus, living on two species of fungus.

    Holliday AE, Walker FM, Brodie ED 3rd, Formica VA.

    J Chem Ecol. 2009 Nov;35(11):1302-8. Epub 2009 Nov 20.

    PMID:
     
    19936835
     
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
    14.

    Modification of wheat straw lignin by solid state fermentation with white-rot fungi.

    Dinis MJ, Bezerra RM, Nunes F, Dias AA, Guedes CV, Ferreira LM, Cone JW, Marques GS, Barros AR, Rodrigues MA.

    Bioresour Technol. 2009 Oct;100(20):4829-35. Epub 2009 May 17.

    PMID:
     
    19450975
     
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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